Paleo-ecological study – UCC |Wet Futures

As part of the Creative Ireland Carlow 2020-21 funded programme, Dr Ben Gearey and doctoral researcher Rosie Everett of UCC | Wet Futures made a preliminary study of Drummin bog on 13-14 July 2021

The Wet Futures project focuses on a variety of key wetland areas which represent some of the most important and typical in the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and Ireland. Combined, these highly important ecosystems face a range  of significant challenges in the twenty-first century.


On Tuesday 13th July 2021, the WetFutures team (Ben Gearey, Rosie Everett; UCC) undertook a site visit at Drummin Bog, Co Carlow in collaboration with Jules Michael, Cathy Fitzgerald, Martin Lyttle, Alan Price, Brigid O’Regan, and John Tully of the Drummin Bog Project Committee.

The aim of the visit was to establish an understanding of the current extent and condition of the bog, and to provide advice on potential archaeological/palaeoecological input for future community engagement activities.

Their initial findings are available in their preliminary report below

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In summary, the auger survey at Drummin Bog demonstrated the preservation of sequences associated with the pre-peat freshwater lake environment, the earliest fen peat formation and the final raised bog formation.


The variation of deposit sequences captured in the auger survey are likely to represent the variation in peat depths identified in the geophysical survey (ERT and GPR) shown to RE and BG by Martin Lyttle during the site visit.

Ben is a Lecturer in Environmental Archaeology, in the Department of Archaeology at University College Cork, Ireland.  He has a range of research interests,  with a particular focus on the archaeological and palaeoenvironmental records of peatlands.

Twitter: @benjamingearey

Rosie Everett is research assistant at the University College Cork, with a research focus on the archaeological and palaeoenvironmental records of peatlands. She is currently completing her PhD on sedimentary DNA as a novel proxy for palaeoenvironmental reconstruction. She has previously worked in private sector industries working on policy and engagement for the heritage sector. 

Twitter: @arch_sedaDNA 

Future work

The visit to Drummin Bog and examination of the peat demonstrated significant preservation of different environmental archives and the potential for further future engagement within the community.

The WetFutures team (RE+BG) can recommend the following future contributions:

WetFutures contribution to history of Drummin Bog

  • Establish chronology of Drummin Bog through radiocarbon dating
  • Analysis of macro and microfossil (pollen + diatoms) to help reconstruct vegetational and peat formation history at Drummin Bog WetFutures contribution to public engagement at Drummin Bog
  • Create visual resources for macro and microfossil archives of Drummin Bog for the Creative Ireland Carlow programme
  • Attend future session and establish installation of laboratory environment with samples + microscopes at Drummond Hall (Autumn 2021, date tbc)
  • Potential additional coring of Drummin sequence to bring to public engagement event